Cultivate with the hydroponic system: which are the benefits
Fruitlogistica 2020

Farming greenhouses: the ultimate guide

Farming greenhouses are those that aim to grow vegetables and protected crops. They are structures specifically designed to encourage the growth of all kinds of plants and vegetables, in every season of the year and with the highest possible efficiency.

In this guide, we have collected everything there is to know about greenhouses for agriculture: let’s find out which are the various types of farming greenhouses, how they work and how to choose the most suitable for every need.

All types of farming greenhouses

Not all farming greenhouses are the same: there are many types, which differ both in the material used and in the technology and internal equipment.

Here are the main types of greenhouses used in agriculture.

Plastic greenhouses

Plastic greenhouses are the most used because they have several advantages. They are not only the cheapest but also the lightest material, a feature that allows the use of load-bearing structures that are easy to assemble and very light. Moreover, this type of greenhouse is very versatile and can be equipped with any type of system. 

More and more often an extremely versatile plastic material, polyethylene, is used: it allows both to reduce the incidence of structures and costs and to guarantee excellent brightness. For this reason, plastic greenhouses represent one of the best solutions for growing vegetables.

Glass greenhouses are another good choice when it comes to growing protected crops, plants and vegetables. Their main characteristic is their durability over time: glass is in fact a rigid, sturdy and resistant material that can be equipped with any type of system. Glass greenhouses guarantee maximum luminosity and, thanks also to increasingly advanced systems, allow to create inside them the optimal conditions for the growth of each plant and vegetable.

Versatile and resistant, they represent today the choice of excellence for those who work in the horticulture sector.

Glass greenhouses

Combilux greenhouses

One of the most interesting innovations in horticulture greenhouses sector is Combilux technology. This is a highly technological type of greenhouse, which makes flexibility in terms of size and materials its greatest advantage. 

Combilux greenhouses, in fact, are partially or completely openable and can be buffered with the most advanced materials, for example polycarbonate. The fact that they can be opened is an incredible advantage for those looking for a farming greenhouse that allows them to grow plants and vegetables all year round: you can air the greenhouse but at the same time you can close it in a short time in case of rain or wind.

Hydroponic greenhouses represent another cutting-edge type, which allows to impact the environment as little as possible and at the same time guarantees high efficiency in terms of agricultural production. This type of greenhouse, in fact, not only uses solar energy to feed itself but also allows the cultivation of plants above ground, with an incredible optimization of water consumption and fertilizers.

Drop-by-drop irrigation, rainwater recovery, greater control of phytosanitary variables make it possible to save space and grow vegetables with fewer diseases. Today we can say that hydroponic greenhouses represent a great opportunity for the future in terms of greenhouses for agriculture.

Hydroponic greenhouses

What are farming greenhouses for

Farming greenhouses today are essential to allow the cultivation not only of plants and vegetables but also of protected crops and cut flowers. These are the main areas of use.


Greenhouses in horticulture are essential because they allow vegetables to be grown throughout the year, more efficiently and with full control over production cycles. Usually horticultural greenhouses are made of glass or plastic because these materials ensure the best light conditions and guarantee the optimal climate for the cultivation of all kinds of vegetables. Moreover, the most modern structures allow to cultivate both in and out of soil, with minimum waste of resources.


Farming and nursery greenhouses are designed specifically for nurserymen and floriculturists who need to produce flowers and plants even when outdoor climatic conditions would not allow it. These structures are in fact equipped with innovative systems that allow to regulate the climate, irrigation and lighting inside the greenhouse in a computerized way.

In this way it is possible to grow all kinds of plants and flowers during all months of the year.

Plant engineering for greenhouses

Plant engineering plays a key role in the field of farming greenhouses. Developing an efficient and productive ecosystem, which allows to obtain the maximum result with the minimum waste of resources, is a focal point in agriculture.

The latest technologies now allow greenhouses producers to realize advanced systems for climate management (heating and cooling), irrigation, lighting and energy sources. Choosing a greenhouse with an efficient computerized system will allow farmers and nurseries to manage each process precisely and independently, saving time and cutting costs.

Artigianfer has been producing turnkey greenhouses for agriculture, farming and nursery for over fifty years and is now able to offer customized solutions for any type of production and cultivation. From the choice of the most suitable material to state-of-the-art plant engineering for greenhouses, we take care of every detail of our projects.